EMKIT2 is an Empowerment Toolkit for Trainers for the Development of the Social and Cultural Competence and Media Literacy for Low Skilled Migrant Women


The EU migrant crisis has a direct reflection on migrant employment rates. The gap in labor market participation at EU level between EU citizens and migrants has increased in 2014 (Eurostat–Migrant Integration Statistics-Employment). During the last eight years, the activity rate (% of active persons in comparison to the total population) of the EU-28 population of non-EU countries has recorded systematically lower activity rates than EU citizens. Since 2009, this gap has increased noticeably (3 % points). Also the unemployment rate per sex and educational background is higher for migrant women with low educational background (Eurostat). Cultural, social barriers, low skills and media illiteracy discourage these women from actively seeking for jobs. As a result the pressure is enormous on the welfare systems and society itself of the EU-28 countries.

emkit2 Objectives:

EMKIT2 will empower low skilled migrant women by developing 42 digital tools for trainers for implementing innovative workshops to develop the social,  civic, cultural and media literacy (SCM) competences to achieve active citizenship according to the Active Citizenship Scale (AC Scale).

It also develops an online assessment tool has dual role:

  • This assessment evaluates the women before the implementation of the workshops in order to guide the trainers to select the most appropriate workshops based on the women’s current level on AC.
  • It can also be used to measure the improvement on the AC Scale upon completion of the workshops

Active Citizenship Scale

Living in Isolation

Going Outside

Joining In

Voluntary Work

Working on Professional Qualifications


Active Citizenship Scale Explained

Living in Isolation

This stage of the active citizenship scale refers to people who hardly have any contacts outside their living quarters. To people whose contacts with society are restricted to pure functional contacts, for example, contacts for health and welfare. In many cases for these kinds of contacts a formal or informal interpreter is required to assist

These people do not participate in any form of training or development.

Going Outside



This stage of the active citizenship scale refers to immigrant women who have some rather infrequent social contacts outside their living quarters. The contacts they have however are not related to work or their personal development, getting a job or entering education. These social contacts and activities consist of visiting friends, taking up individual sports, visiting the church or mosque, taking part in some organized activities or taking care of relatives outside the house.

Joining In



This stage of the active citizenship scale refers to adults who are already socially active in their living quarters. However, their activities are yet not linked to a future orientation on work and such a perspective or ambition is not developed. So in this stage the activities to activate the adults to have a higher frequency and target more the future orientation as well as the training of elementary knowledge, skills and competences that relate to work.  

Voluntary work / practice


This stage of the active citizenship scale refers to those adults who have become more and more active in work but may still stay within the welfare system. They could also be involved in some vocational education programs for at least once a week or follow some education or citizenship courses with a short period of work experience in it. One more feature of the stage is being active in voluntary work.



In this stage adults have activities with a higher and regulated frequency. The activities are also more targeted to either acquiring work experience or to work related training.

Acquiring professional qualifications


This stage of the active citizenship scale refers to those low educated adultswho are participating in vocational education in combination with a training which leads to basic qualifications, to adultswho have (part time) work in combination with welfare benefits or to adultswho work in combination with some kind of subvention programme, or are supported by job coaches and the like. Adultswho receive support in their route to selfemployment are as well related to this stage.


At this stage the accent is on either a qualification route or on work both preparing for more independency of the women (stage 6) for a considerable amount of time per week (> 24 hours).

Active citizenship


This stage of the active citizenship scale refers to adults who arehaving a paid job with a contract; selfemployed or entrepreneurs without any additional support; following professional education as the major activity. The women themselves are capable of making active usage of a variety of offers the society has.


The focus at this stage is on having a regular job or on further professional development without experiencing any major handicaps related to language or lack of knowledge of the host society.